Saudi Arabia will set relatively low listing requirements for its second stock market in order to draw smaller companies to the bourse, which it aims to launch at the end of February next year, regulators have told securities firms.
Much of the Saudi economy is dominated by family-owned conglomerates, such as the Olayan group, the Juffali group and the Al Muhaidib group, which have operated in the kingdom for decades but have generally chosen not to list their subsidiaries.
Seeking to diversify the economy away from oil exports, the government wants to persuade such firms to list in order to improve their access to capital, reduce the burden on the banks financing them, and encourage better corporate governance.
A presentation to securities firms by the Capital Market Authority and the Saudi Stock Exchange, seen by Reuters this week, shows regulators are proposing that companies with minimum capitalisations of 10 million riyals ($2.7 million) be allowed to list on the new market - 10 percent of the capitalisation required for the main market.
Companies would be permitted to float a minimum of 20 percent of their shares and have as few as 50 public shareholders, compared to 30 percent and 200 shareholders.
To minimise speculative price swings, regulators said they would limit direct investors in the new market to institutions, excluding ordinary retail investors; institutional investors include government-related entities and "professional investors" with large portfolios and records of trading routinely.
Other investors could tap into the market via mutual funds.
The presentation did not say if the new market could include companies now traded on the main market, but specified that companies could move to the main market after trading for at least two years on the secondary.
The document also showed the exchange planned to launch a new index for the top blue-chip stocks trading on the main market.
The CMA said a committee would decide which companies to include in the new index, and that all companies in it would have to submit their financial reports in both Arabic and English. It did not say when the index would be launched or how many companies it would comprise.