Container terminal could intensify competition with Dubai for region's shipping traffic
Abu Dhabi launched operations at a multi-billion dollar port facility on Saturday, seeking to diversify its oil-based economy with a project that could intensify competition for the region's shipping traffic with neighbouring emirate Dubai.
Abu Dhabi Ports Co (ADPC) said Khalifa Port, built on a man-made island in the Taweelah area, and its adjacent Khalifa Industrial Zone would together be two-thirds the size of Singapore when fully built.
The port facility and the industrial area have so far cost $7.1bn to build, ADPC chief executive Tony Douglas told reporters. He said government support meant the firm would not need to raise money in public markets.
"We are government-owned so we have government facilities and we also have bilaterals with some of the leading banks."
Khalifa Port's container terminal currently has an annual capacity of 2.5 million twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU). This can be raised to 5 million TEU according to demand over the next few years. Abu Dhabi has said its long-term goal is to increase it to 15 million by 2030, depending on demand.
The port can also handle 12 million tons of general cargo annually in the first phase, including 4 million tons from an Emirates Aluminium berth that opened in 2010.
Khalifa Port will gradually take over all container traffic from Abu Dhabi's existing Mina Zayed port, which has reached its capacity of 1 million TEUs.
"Over four to six months we hope to complete the migration of all traffic that goes into Mina Zayed to the new port," said Douglas. Mina Zayed will continue handling some commercial cargo and concentrate on developing a cruise liner business.
Abu Dhabi, capital of the United Arab Emirates, is investing billions of dollars in infrastructure, real estate and tourism to diversify its economy. In shipping, the obvious challenge to its growth comes from Dubai, whose much larger Jebel Ali port is only about 40km north along the coast.
Last December DP World , the world's third-largest port operator and owner of Jebel Ali, said it would invest $850 million over three years to boost the port's capacity by 4 million TEU to 19 million.
Both companies have dismissed suggestions that they could end up competing for market share. ADPC maintains that Khalifa is a destination port, unlike Jebel Ali which focuses on transhipments to other ports.
"We are still growing to the extent of 7 to 9 percent this year. Also, what we foresee in terms of productivity being expanded in basic industries like aluminium and others will bring more capacity on line, and that will drive our growth," said Martijn Van De Linde, chief executive of Abu Dhabi Terminals.
Noting that the export-import ratio at Mina Zayed was about 80 to 20, he said Khalifa's growth would be driven by exports.
"Industries based here are now starting to produce and export to China, Europe, Mediterranean and other regions. So our growth is being driven by exports and we have healthy imports as well."
However, the unstable global economic climate could pose challenges for both Abu Dhabi and Dubai. DP World posted flat half-year profits on Wednesday and said uncertainty in the world economy was slowing growth of the industry.
Within the UAE, Dubai has taken the lead in areas including aviation, tourism and trade but Abu Dhabi is gaining momentum in those industries on the back of its oil-based wealth. Abu Dhabi's Etihad Airways, launched in 2003, is competing aggressively with well-established Emirates in aviation.