Saudi Arabia's King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals has been named as the top university in the Arab world.
According to the 2019 QS World University Rankings: Arab Region, published by global higher education think tank QS Quacquarelli Symonds, the Saudi university replaces Lebanon's American University of Beirut, which now places second.
Saudi Arabia dominates the list with 23 ranked universities, and three of the region's top 10 institutions, with King Abdul Aziz University (3rd) exchanging places with King Saud University (4th).
The UAE is home to two top-10 universities - United Arab Emirates University remains 5th, while American University of Sharjah rises from 8th to 7th.
Egypt's top university is the American University in Cairo, which falls from 6th to 8th while Oman and Jordan can also lay claim to one of the region's top 10 institutions.
University of Jordan maintains its rank of 9th, while Oman's Sultan Qaboos University is unchanged in 10th.
Although Saudi Arabia is the dominant higher education system, Egypt's universities have made consistent progress, with seven in the top 50, five of which improve their rank this year, according to the rankings.
The UAE is also home to a number of upwardly-mobile universities, with Khalifa University (joint-15th) and the University of Sharjah rising into the regional top 20
The rankings provide students, governments, parents, and academic institutions with independent insight into university performance in ways that inform decision-making.
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