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We take a look at the countries tapping into nuclear energy to support their growing power needs
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1. Saudi Arabia: Saudi stated its nuclear energy ambitions back in 2006, which was later backed by a 2010 royal decree that stated it was “essential to meet the kingdom’s requirements for energy”. They have committed $80bn to build 16 nuclear reactors and have sought US approval.
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2. UAE: There are four nuclear power stations being planned in the UAE, the first of which – the Barakah plant west of Abu Dhabi – is almost finished and will start producing electricity in 2019. The $20bn project is being built by the Korea Electric Power Corp, which has 21,000 staff in the UAE.
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3. Egypt: In October 2017, Egypt and Russia signed an agreement to build a $21bn nuclear power plant, with the project going to Russia’s Rosatom. The Dabaa plant contains four reactors and will be able to produce five gigawatts of electricity when it is completed around 2029.
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4. Jordan: Jordan, one of the least resource-rich countries in the region, signed a deal with Rosatom for two nuclear reactors back in October 2013 – and they hope the first will be completed in 2025. The project, located near Qusayr Amra in eastern Jordan, will cost $10bn.
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5. Iraq: In September last year, Iraq sought assistance in rebuilding its nuclear energy capability electricity production. Foreign minister Ibrahim Al Jaafar made a plea for assistance in the building of a nuclear reactor for peaceful purposes during an address to the UN.