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Thu 3 Mar 2011 05:44 PM

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Mideast revolts inject life in moribund Arab League

‘The Arab world stands faced with the biggest test in its history,’ member says

Mideast revolts inject life in moribund Arab League
NEW ERA: Amr Moussa, Secretary-General of the Arab League, called the first meeting since the revolutionary riots a new era (Getty Images)

Arabs ministers stood in silent respect for protesters killed while
demonstrating against governments across the region at a meeting on Wednesday
that injected new life into the moribund Arab League.

"It is the first meeting of a new era, in the era of revolution,"
Secretary-General Amr Moussa told officials representing some of the rulers
that protesters have taken to the streets to complain about.

The silent memorial was unprecedented at Arab League talks.

"The Arab nation has triumphed over itself," he said. "While
I must mourn the lives of the martyrs in Egypt and Tunisia, I must salute all
revolutions seeking freedom and peace."

"The Arab people will stand against tyranny because it is painful,
rejected and insulting," said Moussa, a candidate for the Egyptian
presidency from which Hosni Mubarak was toppled last month after 30 years of
iron rule.

The Egyptian foreign minister, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, who until a few weeks ago
worked for Mubarak, said the 18-day uprising that removed his former boss was
"the most spectacular in history."

Moussa himself worked as Egypt's foreign minister under Mubarak before
taking up his role at the League in 2001.

An Omani minister, representing a government that is still facing protests,
said the meeting was "the first in the era of the new Arab
renaissance." He spoke of "an earthquake" and change "to be
carried out by the youth of this nation."

The last time Arab officials met at ministerial level Tunisia's long-time
leader Zine Al Abidine Ben Ali had just been toppled by the uprising that set
off mass protests across the region governed for decades by the same monarchs
and presidents.

That revolt touched off protests that have since swept countries from
Bahrain to Algeria, toppling the Egyptian president in spectacular style and
now threatening Muammar Gaddafi's four decades as leader of Libya.

The barrier of fear had been smashed, said Moussa, adding that "this
was the greatest achievement ever."

Libya's seat was empty, its membership of the 22-member Arab League
suspended in protest at Gaddafi's handling of the uprising that is by far the
bloodiest yet. The foreign ministers of Algeria, Sudan, Syria and Jordan all
praised the Arab people.

The foreign minister of Iraq urged Arab officials to learn from his
country's experience of rebuilding after US-led forces toppled Saddam Hussein
in 2003.

Hoshiyar Zebari said recent protests in Iraq were driven by social and
economic rather than political grievances.

"The Arab world stands faced with the biggest test in its
history," said Zebari.

"General freedom and social equality are the real guarantee for any
regime that wishes to maintain the trust of the masses," he said,
delivering the opening remarks of the session.

He then called the officials to read the Fatiha, or the opening chapter of
the Koran traditionally read at funerals, as they stood for a moment of silence
for "the martyrs in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and a number of Arab states who
were martyred for reform and change."


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