Authorities for the first time to operate a Chinese-built train that will call at hajj sites
At least 2.5 million Muslims began the annual hajj pilgrimage on Sunday, heading to an encampment near the holy city of Mecca to retrace the route taken by the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH)14 centuries ago.
Traveling on foot, by public transport and in private cars, the pilgrims will stream through a mountain pass to a valley at Mina, some three km (two miles) outside Mecca. The path is the same as the Prophet (PBUH) himself took on his last pilgrimage.
The hajj, one of the world's biggest displays of mass religious devotion lasts for five days. In the past it has been marred by fires, hotel collapses, police clashes with protesters and deadly stampedes.
Saudi Interior Minister Prince Nayef said on Wednesday the kingdom could not rule out an attack by Al Qaeda's regional wing, although the kingdom's forces were ready to combat any such operations.
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula on Sunday denied it had any intentions of targeting Muslim pilgrims at hajj.
Islam is now embraced by a quarter of the world's population and hajj is a duty for all able-bodied Muslims who can afford it. Many wait for years to get a visa.
"I can't explain the feeling of being here," said Mahboob Bangosh, a Canadian pilgrim from Toronto of Afghani origin.
To minimize the risk of overcrowding and to lessen congestion on the roads the authorities will for the first time be operating a Chinese-built train that will call at hajj sites.
The $1.8bn railway project has tracks that are 18 kilometers long and will transport 180,000 passengers this year, said Habib Zein Al Abideen, assistant minister for municipal and rural affairs.
"We will have a capacity of 72,000 passengers per hour next year. This year we operate at 35 percent capacity. Next year we could have 500,000 to 600,000 passengers," Abideen said.
Due to its limited capacity, the train will this year only carry residents of Saudi Arabia or other Gulf Arabs and next year will open to others nationalities, he said.
"It will be big improvement. Tickets cost only a symbolic amount," said Walid Al Mushawer, a Saudi pilgrim.
Saudi Arabia has worked hard to improve facilities to ease the flow of pilgrims at hajj. In 2006, 362 people were crushed to death.