100th anniversary of commercial passenger flights
Arabian Business charts the evolution of aircraft from those first models in 1914
1914: Benoist XIV floatplane, first airline service was from Tampa to St. Petersburg, Florida in January 1914. Currently Fantasy of Flight (an aeronautical museum) is building a replica of the aircraft and will re-create the flight in January 2014. 1919: Handley Page Transport Ltd was an airline company founded in 1919 by Frederick Handley Page in the new era of civil flying after the First World War. The first planes were a small number of Handley Page Type O/400 bombers modified for passenger use. These flew London-Paris. At a request from the Air Ministry the Handley Page Type W8 was later used for both Paris and Brussels. 1930s: The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing propeller-driven airliner. Its speed and range revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s. Its lasting impact on the airline industry and World War II makes it one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made. 1945: In October 1945, the American Export Airlines became the first airline to offer regular commercial flights between North America and Europe. Shown here is Am Ex Boeing 377 Stratocruiser in 1949. 1970: The Boeing 747 , often Jumbo Jet , is a four-engine passenger and cargo aircraft from the American manufacturer Boeing . It is one of the most recognizable aircraft, and also the first widebody. The first model of the 747 could carry two and a half times as many passengers as at that time popular Boeing 707. From the first commercial flight in 1970 to the introduction of the Airbus A380 in 2007, the 747 largest passenger airliner in the world. 1976: First flown in 1969, Concorde entered service in 1976 and continued commercial flights for 27 years. 1993: The Airbus A340 is a long-range four-engine wide-body commercial passenger jet airliner. The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine jet airliner. It is the world's largest passenger airliner; many airports have upgraded their facilities to accommodate it because of its size. The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a long-range, mid-size wide-body, twin-engine jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Its variants seat 210 to 330 passengers. Boeing states that it is the company's most fuel-efficient airliner.