Top 15 tech pioneers
The visionaries and gurus who laid the foundations for the Information Age
Martin Cooper: Inventor of the mobile phone. Tim Berners Lee: Inventor of the World Wide Web. (Getty Images) Alan Turing: Nicknamed the ‘Father of computing’, he worked at Britain's codebreaking centre, Bletchley Park and was influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer. Philip Don Estridge: Led the development of the original IBM Personal Computer (PC). Chuck Hull: Inventor of 3D printing. Douglas Engelbart: Invented the mouse. Edgar 'Ted' Codd: Invented the relational database. Fujio Masuoka: Inventor of flash memory. George Heilmeier: Developed LCD technology. Grace Hopper: developed the COBOL computer programming language. James Gosling: Inventor of Java. (Getty Images) Robert E. Kahn and Vint Cerf: proposed a protocol they called 'TCP' which later became IP, Internet Protocol. Robert Dennard: Inventor of RAM. Dennis Ritchie (right): The inventor of the C language and along with Ken Thompson (left) co-inventor of Unix. Vic Hayes: Invented IEEE 802.11 (wi-fi).