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Wed 30 Nov 2011 07:03 PM

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UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post

Tour the UAE's pearling industry, souqs and bedouin villages in these dramatic images

UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the pearling industry thrived in the relative calm sea of this region [Image: National Center for Documentation and Research (NCDR), UAE]
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A group of Seeb receiving a signal from the diver by a rope connecting its holder and the diver (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
The sea provided both income and employment to the people of the Arabian Gulf (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Prior to the first exports of oil in 1962, the UAE economy was dominated by pearl production, fishing, agriculture, and herding (Text: www.state.gov/ Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A scene of the Liwa Oasis, 1960 (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
The residents of the region led a nomadic life (1962) (Image credit: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A post office in Abu Dhabi, which was established in March, 1963 (Image credit: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Traders in a date market (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
The old souq in Sharjah,1969 (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Women in Abu Dhabi, March 1962 (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
UAE residents carry water to their homes, 1966 (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Traditional date market (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Medical facilities begin in the region (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A school in Al Ain, 1963(Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
School bus of Al Rashidiya School for boys (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Children play at their school, 1960s (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Emiratis were keen to take advantage of the education facilities available to them, 1960s) (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A typical home in the UAE, before oil exports started to change the lifestyle of the region's residents (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
At the beginning of the 1960s, the first oil company teams carried out preliminary surveys and the first cargo of crude was exported from Abu Dhabi in 1962 (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
As oil revenues increased, ruler of Abu Dhabi, HH the late Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, undertook a massive construction programme, building schools, housing, hospitals and roads (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Emirati culture mainly revolves around the religion of Islam and traditional Arab, and Bedouin culture (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
The influence of Islamic and Arab culture on the region's architecture, music, attire, cuisine and lifestyle are very prominent as well (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Etiquette is an important aspect of UAE culture and tradition (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Social life by the Union (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
Standards of healthcare are considered to be generally high in the UAE, resulting from increased government spending during strong economic years (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
An expatriate doctor treats an Emirati woman in this undated photo (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A woman with a camel, ship of the desert (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A view from the 1960s (Image: NCDR)
UAE's early years: scenes from a desert trading post
A girl's school in Abu Dhabi, 1960s (Image: NCDR)