Saudi Basic Industries Corp (SABIC), Saudi Arabia's largest listed company and one of the world's largest petrochemicals groups, reported declining profits for a fifth straight quarter on Sunday, although cost cutting helped its earnings beat analyst estimates.
Saudi Arabia's petrochemical companies benefit from subsidised gas feedstock prices, giving them an advantage over rival manufacturers from non-oil producing countries.
Petrochemical prices are closely linked to those of oil so the slump in crude prices has reduced Saudi producers' margins.
SABIC's third-quarter profit fell 9.4 percent to 5.6 billion riyals ($1.5 billion), although six analysts polled by Reuters had on average forecast the firm's profit would be 4.7 billion riyals.
SABIC, 70 percent state-owned, cut costs by an average of 22 percent in the first nine months of 2015 through improved efficiency, acting chief executive Yousef Abdullah Al Benyan told a news conference in Riyadh.
This helped mitigate the impact of a 22 percent fall in third-quarter sales to 37.3 billion riyals from 48.7 billion riyals a year earlier, Al Benyan said.
He did not provide further details on how SABIC reduced costs, but described SABIC's earnings as "very positive given global economic conditions".
The company's products - plastics, fertilisers and metals - are used in construction, agriculture, industry and the manufacturing of consumer goods, so its performance is tied to world economic growth.
SABIC is considering petrochemical joint ventures in China and the United States and could make announcements to that effect in the first quarter of 2016, Benyan said in a separate interview with Reuters.
Broadly, SABIC will focus on its core products, such as chemicals and polymers, Benyan said.
Earlier this month, SABIC revealed it would reorganise its Innovative Plastics unit.
"We continuously assess our business and organisational structure," said Benyan. "Our goal is to really grow while at the same time we want to be efficient. This has led to some restructuring, some realignment of our business units."
SABIC's shares were up 2.9 percent at 0817 GMT, trimming their losses since an April 30 2015 high to 18.3 percent.
Saudi petrochemical stocks have weakened on fears the government could reduce gas subsidies to help ease pressures on state finances. Saudi is facing a record budget deficit following the oil price drop.
Benyan said SABIC could deal with any cuts to subsidies or changes to gas feedstock prices.
It has no plans to issue bonds or raise other debt before the end of 2015, he added.For all the latest energy and oil news from the UAE and Gulf countries, follow us on Twitter and Linkedin, like us on Facebook and subscribe to our YouTube page, which is updated daily.
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