Saudi retail investors face hefty losses after a royal decree ordered the liquidation of Saudi Integrated Telecom Co (SITC), which floated its shares in an initial public offer (IPO) in 2011 but never started operations.
SITC's failure highlights the dominance of speculative retail traders in the Saudi market, who chase rising prices with little regard for fundamental valuations.
"Investors are shocked," said Mohammad Omran, a member of the Saudi Economic Association (SEA). "The CMA made a big mistake by allowing the IPO to go ahead."
About 20 investors protested outside the offices of the Capital Market Authority (CMA) on Tuesday, local newspaper Twasul said, and although such protests are rare in the kingdom, where demonstrations are banned, the newspaper carried photographs of demonstrators holding up placards, one of which read, "Save the shareholders of Integrated and their families".
The CMA bourse regulator halted trading in SITC's shares on Feb. 5 when the stock was trading at 24.35 riyals, more than double the initial public offer price of 10 riyals but half the all-time closing high of 50.50 riyals hit in March 2012, which valued the company at SR5.05bn ($1.35bn).
However, some shareholders at least could be in line to get a pay-out from the liquidation committee, which comprises the CMA, the Ministry of Commerce and the telecoms regulator, as the company had 100 million shares in issue and reported net assets of 910 million riyals at the end of 2012.
"In the case of liquidation, this amount will be distributed to the shareholders after reimbursement of any outstanding debts such as wages, rent, bills, etcetera," said Ibrahim Alnaseri, SITC's legal adviser and spokesman.
He did not specify the likely value of these debts, but said they were likely to be minor due to the company's "small number of employees and limited activities".
At the end of last year the company was still sitting on cash and equivalents of 816 million riyals, according to Thomson Reuters data.
King Abdullah's decree said that the company should be liquidated within six months and the priority in the repaying of its obligations is to its non-founder subscribers and shareholders.
The monarch ordered the company's liquidation last month after promising in 2012 to ensure trading rules applied to everyone, including the ruling al-Saud family. The company's chairman is Prince Saud bin Khaled bin Abdullah Al Saud.
Prince Saud owned a 43 percent stake in SITC as recently as last September, according to Thomson Reuters data. This was held through various holding companies and these and other founding shareholders made a winning bid in 2007 of SR1bn for a licence to provide fixed-line services.
The founding shareholders were to pay SR650m of this fee, with the other SR350m to be raised through an initial public share offer and a 5 percent stake sale to the state pension fund.
SITC concluded its IPO and listed in June 2011, despite still not receiving its telecoms operating licence and recorded no revenue that year or in 2012, Thomson Reuters data shows.
The founding shareholders did not pay up for their part of the licence fee until January this year, according to a stockmarket filing, but the company told Reuters it had provided the regulator in the interim with a bank guarantee in lieu of immediate payment of the fee.
However, the company's shares were suspended after the founding shareholders withdrew 260 million riyals of the IPO proceeds, with trading resuming after this money was returned.
In the IPO prospectus the founding shareholders committed to provide an additional 2.7 billion riyals to fund the company's operations. This was to be paid in four instalments after the company had received its telecom licence.
But the Communications and Information Technology Commission (CITC) has refused to grant SITC its licence, saying it had failed to meet requirements, it said in an emailed statement to Reuters. It did not explain what those requirements were.
Alnaseri said the firm would fight on. "The company believes it should receive the licence, and it will take all possible legal measures towards (achieving) this," he said.
Asked how and when the company would appeal against the liquidation order, Alnaseri said: "That will depend on the rules of liquidation, which are supposed to be set by the liquidation committee."For all the latest GCC news from the UAE and Gulf countries, follow us on Twitter and Linkedin, like us on Facebook and subscribe to our YouTube page, which is updated daily.
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