When Uber confirmed late last month it will acquire Dubai-based ride-hailing app Careem for $3.1 billion early next year, it was warmly welcomed as the Middle East’s largest ever technology transaction.
Renowned Jordanian investor and entrepreneur Fadi Ghandour, who had invested in Careem, hailed the news as “an important milestone for the validation of anybody that believes in investment in the region” and said the record-breaking deal will “allow people who were worried about the risk of regional investing to feel more confident”.
The announcement was timely, occurring the day before the most recent edition of the Arabian Business Startup Academy, where the topic for the panel discussion was ‘to sell or not to sell: the right time to exit your start-up’. You can’t get a much bigger exit than $3.2bn, many thought, but what about the smaller start-ups just bursting onto the scene, should they be looking down the horizon at an exit plan and, if so, what should it entail?
“You’ve got to have faith in the fact that you can get to the valuation you really want to, it’s a gamble,” warns Lee McMahon, co-founder of law firm Support Legal, which has advised many start-ups in recent years. “[The Careem founders] could have easily sold out when they were at a billion dollars, but they kept going. They played it very well, they knew that they were a target and they built it that way.”
Serial entrepreneur Mona Ataya started the recruitment site Bayt.com in 2000 and seven years ago cashed in some of her Bayt stock to launch a second venture, Mumzworld.
“I was constantly looking at opportunities. The region was very fast growing, it was very fluid and we were writing business plans almost weekly. The Mumzworld business plan was written in the Summer of 2011.
“For us, Bayt was kind of almost in level momentum, the business was growing, it was profitable, it was fairly heavily funded [and] shareholders were making dividends, so it was a business that was well on its path to continued growth.
“So, as an entrepreneur and as a business owner… for me personally, it was really about what else is a pressing need in the Arab world that I personally could contribute to growing. Often times, you know, you think you can plan everything, but often times luck plays a role, faith plays a role and opportunity presents itself and you decide to go left or go right. For me, the tipping point to start Mumzworld was a) is this important for the region? And b) can I contribute to making it a success?”
Ataya believes that when entrepreneurs get to a point where they have achieved what they want to achieve, it is time to hand it over to a bigger player to take it to the next level.
“Walking away becomes a natural part of what you need to do and, as a founder, often times people who start businesses aren’t necessarily the ones to take it to that $100m, that $1bn company. Entrepreneurs may not be the growth drivers, so you need to be very honest with yourself to recognise where your limitations are as an entrepreneur, where your passion lies and what you can contribute,” she believes, adding that the Careem story shows the growing interest of large companies entering the region by buying up local start-ups.
“The ecosystem is shifting as we speak. Careem yesterday is fantastic news. We had the Souq news previously. The reality is the ecosystem is not evolving to one of consolidation. You will see the giants dominating… It’s that simple, organisations need to look at consolidation, because you cannot operate alone.
In terms of her own journey, she says she is open to opportunities, especially as Mumzworld quickly approaches its first decade in business.
“We need to look at consolidation, so we’ve already started many conversations, some more interesting than others. We’ve already been approached with potential giants and smaller players who want to look at consolidation and I think that’s what’s going to pan out in the next year.”
A survey by Bayt.com found that 37 percent of self-employed respondents said their business was in the start-up stage, while 24 percent said it was established and performing well.
Siddiq Farid, co-founder of Smart Crowd, the region’s first online real estate crowdfunding platform, says even though his company was established only within the last year, entrepreneurs are always looking at the exit strategy. “I think you always have to have that in the back of your head when you start embarking on building a very scalable, high-growth story. You need to have an end goal in mind. Your investors will be looking at that in terms of what the vision is for the management.”
“Those who invested in Careem were not looking for a nice dividend from it, they were looking for a nice exit at some point in time. Same thing with investors of Souq and I’m sure with the investors of Mumzworld. So you always have to have that in the back of your mind,” Farid says.
For Mohammed Alsehli, CEO of blockchain start-up ArabianChain and CEO of new Islamic finance capital markets platform Wethaq, sometimes knowing when to say no is also important.
“The question of when, it’s not that easy, it’s not that straightforward and it is very subjective. It depends on case-by-case basis. So, at the moment, for example, I’m focusing on one of the things that is innovating in the capital markets and we are trying to transform the way that bonds and Sukuk are issued.
“We just started about, I would say, nine months ago. We did not operate yet, but we still received some offers to acquisition at the moment. From my experience, I think this is too early. It is very flattering that someone out there is considering that and it validates whatever you are doing. It is always that sweet spot, it is getting the balance… The companies looking for acquisitions are looking to maximise value for themselves.”
Regardless of when you decide to make that exit, McMahon offers one final warning from a legal standpoint: “You need to remember it’s like buying a house, if you go in and it’s a mess inside, you’re not going to pay a premium for it.”For all the latest business news from the UAE and Gulf countries, follow us on Twitter and Linkedin, like us on Facebook and subscribe to our YouTube page, which is updated daily.
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