Industry: Culture and society
Designation: Activist, feminist, doctor
Now aged 82, Dr Nawal Al Saadawi has spent her life championing women’s rights. That has come at a cost; she was dismissed from her position at Egypt’s Ministry of Health after publishing a book attacking female circumcision and was jailed by former president Anwar Al Sadat in 1981 after helping to publish a feminist magazine. She is also the founder and president of Arab Women’s Solidarity Association and co-founder of the Arab Association for Human Rights. She is also a qualified physician and psychiatrist and has received honorary degrees on three continents.