The festival is being considered as the soft opening of the pre-Islamic ruins in Saudi Arabia's Al Ula
Bathed in light, musicians belt out melodies among pre-Islamic desert ruins in northwestern Saudi Arabia, a heritage trove at the centre of efforts to put the reclusive kingdom on the tourism map.
Hosted by the Al-Ula governorate -- where Nabatean tombs and art are chiseled into caramel-hued rock -- "Winter at Tantora" is the latest music carnival in the Islamic kingdom, where such events were unheard of just two years ago.
Spread over eight weekends until February 9, the main events are hosted in an auditorium made of mirrored glass that has drawn international artists, from Lebanese singer Majida El Roumi to French classical violinist Renaud Capucon.
And it shines a spotlight on a long-isolated area seen widely as an open-air museum.
"Saudi Arabia is turning a new page," said Zainab al-Kadadi, a Riyadh-based banker.
The 29-year-old attended a musical weekend that also included sand dune bashing -- an adventure sport that involves driving across challenging desert landscapes -- and a tour of an Ottoman-era train station.
The festival is seen as a soft opening of Al-Ula, an area roughly the size of Belgium that is being touted as the centrepiece of Saudi attractions, as the conservative petro-state prepares to open up to international tourists.
Building a tourism industry from scratch is at the heart of a government plan to prepare the Arab world's biggest economy for a post-oil era, an ambition fraught with challenges.
The austere kingdom, which forbids alcohol and has a strict social code, is already seen by many as a hard sell for tourists.
Recent events that drew international censure -- notably the gruesome murder last year of critic Jamal Khashoggi -- appear to have made the challenge more acute.
"Saudi has great tourism potential, but after what happened it's hard to come here and say 'Everything is wow, everything is amazing'," said a Westerner who was among a group of global social media influencers invited by the kingdom for an all-expenses-paid trip to Al-Ula.
- Kingdom of 'fun' -
If Al-Ula were in another country, it would be an easier sell, others in the group suggested.
"The biggest obstacle is stereotypes," said Kyle Mijlof, a 30-year-old travel photographer from Cape Town.
A liberalisation drive by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, known as MBS, has brought new cinemas, concerts and sporting extravaganzas.
While it is yet to offer tourist visas, the country fast-tracked electronic permits for visitors to attend the festival.
The kingdom organised a similar process in December for a motor sports event in Riyadh, where performances by artists like Enrique Iglesias and David Guetta -- and thumping after-parties -- were on offer.
"We live in a Saudi Arabia where by day children may be told that music is forbidden but by night they are taken to music concerts," said a Saudi artist, highlighting a social dichotomy.
- 'Changing the narrative' -
Preparations for the Al-Ula festival "accelerated" after the Khashoggi crisis erupted, as authorities have been keen to turn the page on his murder, a Western consultant close to the organisers told AFP on condition of anonymity.
An official close to the organisers denied that it was a diversionary tactic, saying planning for the festival was in the works well before the murder.
Saudi Arabia is seeking to preserve heritage sites that predate Prophet Mohammed's life in the seventh century.
The sites have long been neglected or vandalised, because glorifying them is considered blasphemous by religious conservatives.
With French support in Al-Ula, archaeological teams are undertaking a massive survey of key sites, which includes scanning via helicopters, satellites, drones and a remote sensing technology called Lidar.
Five-star resorts are being planned to accommodate thousands of tourists. Local residents are being trained as guides, offering them some respite from rampant joblessness.
Al-Ula is expected to fully open up to foreign tourists within three to five years, an official from the Royal Al-Ula Commission told AFP.
He added that the project aims to revive the glory of Saudi Arabia's ancient past, a topic that has scant coverage in local history textbooks.
"For years we were stereotyped as people who have pools of petrol in their backyards," the official said.
"We are changing that narrative. This (project) is about national pride."