By Daniel Shane
The latest addition to the Dubai Marina skyline is an engineering and architectural marvel, even if it did take eight years to build. The man behind the project explains what took so long
At a gala event at one of Dubai’s plushest five-star hotels, investors wait outdoors in the sweltering summer heat for a glittering fireworks and light show to mark the completion of the latest addition to the emirate’s crowded skyline.
Technical hitches have led to a delay of one-and-a-half hours to the opening ceremony, but when you have already been waiting eight years for the iconic Infinity Tower, what is another 90 minutes?
It has been a long and winding road for the project. Since its launch in 2005, the 75-storey residential development has faced numerous setbacks — not least due to the structural challenges posed by Skidmore, Owings and Merrill’s architectural decision to have the building twist 90 degrees from its base, giving the tower the appearance of a distressed Coke bottle.
The collapse of one of Dubai Marina’s walls in 2007 led to the site’s foundations turning into a 27-metre deep swimming pool, subsequently taking nearly two years to fix. Various completion dates have come and gone since — the most recent in October 2012 — while Infinity has also been subject to an eleventh-hour name change to Cayan Tower, in honour of the project’s developer Cayan Group.
Dave and Ann Whiteling*, both from Britain, paid nearly AED2m for a two-bedroom property when Cayan first launched sales in 2005, having already handed over 100 percent of that sum to the developer. They plan to use their apartment in the distinctive building, which overlooks the Arabian Gulf, as a holiday home.
“We’re just relieved that it’s finally done,” Ann tells Arabian Business. “Some people have been waiting just as long for apartments that will probably never see the light of day,” she adds, referring to the bursting of the emirate’s real estate bubble in 2008, which saw prices plummet by up to 65 percent overnight and countless projects delayed or scrapped altogether.
The couple says that they almost gave up on the development ever being built when the site was flooded in 2007, an incident which they claim they only became aware of via online news articles, rather than from Cayan itself. At one point they were offered the chance to take delivery of their property minus a functioning electricity connection.
The couple say that they were not aware of the tower’s last-minute name change from Infinity until the new moniker was beamed up the side of the building in 300 metre-high lights at the opening event.
In light of all the setbacks over the past eight years, Cayan’s chairman and president seems understanding when asked, half jokingly, if the building’s protracted construction schedule is finally at its end. “The building is finished, and if you don’t believe us we have a certificate of completion from the government to prove it,” Ahmed Al Hatti beams.
Al Hatti says that the most of the tower, which contains 495 apartments and is said to be the world’s tallest ‘twisted’ building, has long been sold, although there are no immediate plans to launch sales on remaining units. “It’s more than 80 percent [sold] so far. We are planning to open the rest for sale, but not soon, maybe after summer. It depends on the market. If we can see there is lots of hype, and lots of demand, then maybe we will open it. But there’s no rush to open it now,” he explains.
The Cayan boss accepts that delays in completion of the tower — which was built by contractors including Dubai’s Arabtec and MEP firm Drake & Scull — have been frustrating, but says that the more recent delays to the project were out of his hands. “We are not building this project by ourselves, other related aspects like the connection of the electricity from the authorities — all of this has taken more time,” he explains. “From October to June we were talking with officials to get DEWA connected, and to get other services connected, and to get the completion certificate [from Dubai Municipality]. It was almost completed at the end of November — 95 percent, but to have it officially completed, so we could announce it — we had to go through officials, and paperwork, and lots of approvals.”
Still, Al Hatti claims he has no regrets over choosing the Skidmore, Owings and Merrill ‘helix’ design back in 2005. Some of those closest to the project have even criticised this aspect of the building. Dr Montasser El Raie, senior resident engineer at contractor Khatib & Alami, last month told ITP publication Middle East Architect that the building’s unusual structure had its “disadvantages”, such as awkward interior spaces “that might seem redundant”. It is also the only building in Dubai where the client has had to fork out for its own airspace, due to a ten-metre protrusion caused by the tower’s twist.
Al Hatti claims that it was necessary for Cayan to choose a unique concept for the skyscraper when it was first dreamt up, in order for it to stand out among the other ostentatious developments that were being announced in the emirate at the time. “Even though the location itself is outstanding, we wanted to do something different,” he recalls. “We wanted to be on the map, we wanted to be recognised. This building, we thought it would be the top dog, and during the last few years, even though it wasn’t completed, it was the top dog.”
According to a Deutsche Bank report published in 2013, in March this year property prices rose for the sixteenth month in a row, indicating something of a recovery following the 2008 crash, albeit with prices remaining somewhere below that peak. Al Hatti believes that the upward trend will continue in the emirate’s real estate market, particularly if it is successful in securing the rights to host World Expo 2020, with the winning bid due to be announced later this year.
“I’m always a believer in Dubai. Dubai has grown as a safe investment haven, even during the financial crisis I continued with all of my projects and did not think for a second of quitting any of them,” he says. “Dubai is changing now — it’s not just a normal city in the region, it’s not just a hub, it’s a world city.”
Among Cayan’s other projects are Silverene, The Jewels and Dorrabay residential developments in the emirate’s Marina district, all of which have been completed and handed over to buyers.
Cayan also has two compound housing projects in areas near the Saudi capital, Riyadh. Al Hatti says that Cayan’s next project will also be in the Gulf’s most populous kingdom, but is coy about revealing many details. “We always enjoy doing a unique high-rise, and we’re studying [more opportunities],” he explains. “We’ve started one, and we’ll be announcing one in Riyadh before the end of this year, and it will be a unique design.”
There is one design decision, however, that Al Hatti says has already been taken, and given the upheaval, delays and mishaps that have dotted the road to completion at its flagship project, you can probably understand why. “It will be a unique design — just not twisted,” he insists.
* Real names not used at individuals’ request.
Tilt from the ground up
Cayan proudly claims that its latest tower is the tallest twisted building in the world. Arabian Business takes a look at some of the world’s other weird and wonderful skyscrapers
Gate to the East
Located just outside Shanghai in the Chinese city of Suzhou, the 74-storey Gate to the East is the work of British architectural firm RMJM.
Completed at the end of last year, the Gate to the East was designed as China’s answer to Paris’ iconic L’Arc de Triomphe, but has drawn unflattering comparisons from critics due to its resemblance to a pair of trousers.
Even China’s state-owned media dared to ridicule the project, with one headline at news agency Xinhua exalting: “New giant tower branded ‘pants’”.
Opened in summer 2012, the 634-metre Tokyo Skytree is the world’s second tallest free standing structure after Dubai’s Burj Khalifa.
While the Skytree’s main purpose is as a television broadcast antennae, it also offers the general public panoramic views of the Japanese capital, with observatory decks capable of hosting a combined total of 3,000 people. Glass flooring also offers visitors a head-spinning view of the ground below.
Designed in a ‘metamodernist’ style, the Skytree’s external lattice is decorated in blue-ish shade of white called ajiro, which is one of Japan’s traditional colours.
While Dubai’s Burj Khalifa can easily claim the record for world’s tallest tower, the Capital Gate in neighbouring emirate Abu Dhabi holds the Guinness Book of World Records title for the ‘World’s furthest leaning man-made tower’. Built between 2007 and 2011, the 35-storey tower leans eighteen degrees westward, with this incline countered with a reinforced concrete and steel ‘pre-cambered core’, which itself is anchored to the ground. The building is owned and operated by the Abu Dhabi National Exhibitions Company and is considered as one of the prime business addresses in the UAE capital.
Construction on secretive North Korea’s Ryugyong Hotel began in the country’s capital Pyongyang back in 1987, with the project being topped out five years later in 1992. At this time the 330-metre tower was the world’s seventh tallest building, before construction unexpectedly halted when the country’s authoritarian regime ran out of cash due to the Soviet Union’s demise. In a surprising twist, work began on the monikered ‘Hotel of Doom’ began again in April 2008 with Egypt’s Orascom Group at the helm.
It is believed that the hotel will finally open this year and is to be managed by Kempinski.
I pass by every day for the last week....and if that construction is finished ... then i am Santa.
Maybe the word finished doesn't have the same meaning in this part of the world? or is it only in Dubai developers world?
The name Infinity Tower was so much more iconic than Cayan Tower... Anyway, the idea behind the tower is nice, but to live in there would be a very different story as for one, the apartments don't have balconies and for two, you'd have to have a lot of patience to get to it by car on weekends... It's also in a "dead" area of the marina with no easy and logical way to get to the "live" areas...