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Sat 29 Sep 2012 10:00 AM

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US, Gulf eye missile pact amid Iran threat

United States, Gulf partners look to deepen cooperation on defence as tensions rise

US, Gulf eye missile pact amid Iran threat
(Image for illustrative purposes)

The United States and its Gulf partners are looking to deepen cooperation on missile defence as tensions rise with Iran, and announcements could come soon on new purchases, US officials have said.

Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met with Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) officials in New York as Washington seeks to boost regional defences against perceived Iranian threats.

"Our aim is to help our Gulf partners with their defence needs ... there is a missile threat that they face, we want to help them face that threat as best they can," one senior US official said on Friday, previewing the meeting for reporters.

"We've had expressions of interest from our partners in the Gulf in additional missile defense capabilities," the official said.

"We hope that we will be having announcements in the near future regarding those expressions of interest."

The official declined to provide specifics on the plans with the GCC, a political and economic alliance linking Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the UAE, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman.

But Lockheed Martin Corp, the Pentagon's top supplier by sales, received an initial $1.96bn contract in December for two of its Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) weapon systems for the United Arab Emirates, the first foreign sale of the system.

Lockheed has said other GCC members, including Saudi Arabia, have expressed interest. Other leading missile-defense contractors include Boeing Co, Raytheon and Northrop Grumman Corp.

Friday's talks reflect the increased tempo of US efforts to put pressure on Tehran, which the United States and its allies say is seeking nuclear weapons capability under the cover of a civil programme. Iran denies this, but has been hit with a series of international sanctions over its nuclear work.

The United States has been working with Gulf states on a bilateral basis, not as a group, to boost the range of radar coverage and related capabilities across the Gulf for the earliest possible defense against any missiles fired by Iran.

The Pentagon said Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, who had planned to attend Friday's meeting along with White House Security Adviser Tom Donilon, was unable to make it due to bad weather in New York.

US officials said the ultimate goal is a regional shield that can be coordinated with US systems - parallel with Washington's drive to expand missile defense to protect NATO's European territory against ballistic missiles that could be fired by Iran.

The officials said expanded security cooperation with the Gulf is already bearing fruit and pointed to recent joint anti-mining exercises by the navies of 12 countries.

Iran has threatened to target US interests in the Gulf, including military bases, and to block vital oil tanker routes in the Strait of Hormuz if it is attacked.

Plans for a joint missile shield in the Gulf have been on the table for some time, but progress has been slow due to unease among some GCC members about sharing data and where such a system would be commanded.

Individual Gulf states have acquired some advanced defense systems, including the latest versions of the Patriot Air and Missile Defence System.

The UAE has spent billions of dollars in recent years to protect its cities and oil infrastructure from missile attack.