Makhloufi is an Algerian track and field athlete who specialises in middle distance running. He became the 1,500 metres Olympic champion in 2012.
He was also the 800 metres gold medallist at the 2012 African Championships and the 2011 All-Africa Games. He has twice represented Algeria at the World Championships in athletics. Makhloufi has a claim, alongside Mo Farah and Ousama Mellouli, to be the top Arab athlete competing today.
Makhloufi won a gold medal in the 800-metre track event at the 2012 African Championships.